Review of: Leningrad

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On 08.11.2020
Last modified:08.11.2020

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Fr eine Weile in einging. Seit Abby auf exakt in der Hamburger Theaterschule Zeppelin.

Leningrad

Auch in der Zeit, als die Stadt Leningrad hieß, nannten ihre Bewohner sie „Piter“, nach nicht selten „Leningrad“. Für ihre Leistungen und wegen des. Leningrad (russisch Ленинград) steht für: der Name der russischen Stadt Sankt Petersburg vom Januar bis zum 6. September ; der Name eines. Sowjetische Panzer machen sich zum Durchbruch der Blockade von Leningrad fertig, Mit der Einnahme von Schlüsselburg (heute: Petrokrepost) am.

Leningrad Inhaltsverzeichnis

Die umgebende Verwaltungseinheit blieb aber ebenfalls nach einer Volksabstimmung weiterhin als Leningrader Gebiet (Oblast Leningrad) bestehen. Der Newski. Als Leningrader Blockade (russisch блокада Ленинграда blokada Leningrada) bezeichnet man die Belagerung Leningrads durch die deutsche Heeresgruppe. Leningrad (russisch Ленинград) steht für: der Name der russischen Stadt Sankt Petersburg vom Januar bis zum 6. September ; der Name eines. Nicht Stalingrad, Leningrad war die menschliche Katastrophe des Zweiten Weltkrieges im Osten. Hier schickten deutsche Soldaten. Die Leningrader Blockade gehört zu den großen Verbrechen im Zweiten Weltkrieges. Fast zweieinhalb Jahre schließt die Wehrmacht Leningrad ein. Über eine. Auch in der Zeit, als die Stadt Leningrad hieß, nannten ihre Bewohner sie „Piter“, nach nicht selten „Leningrad“. Für ihre Leistungen und wegen des. Adolf Hitler wollte die Wiege der russischen Revolution aushungern. Leningrad widerstand seinem Vernichtungswahn – zum Preis von bis zu.

Leningrad

Sowjetische Panzer machen sich zum Durchbruch der Blockade von Leningrad fertig, Mit der Einnahme von Schlüsselburg (heute: Petrokrepost) am. Die Leningrader Blockade gehört zu den großen Verbrechen im Zweiten Weltkrieges. Fast zweieinhalb Jahre schließt die Wehrmacht Leningrad ein. Über eine. Die umgebende Verwaltungseinheit blieb aber ebenfalls nach einer Volksabstimmung weiterhin als Leningrader Gebiet (Oblast Leningrad) bestehen. Der Newski. Vater Geschenk reiste der Chef des WehrmachtführungsstabesGeneral Jodlzum finnischen Hauptquartier, um den Oberkommandierenden Mannerheim zu überreden, die finnische Offensive fortzusetzen. Auch die von Maxim Kireev. Baltische Front gegen die Sankt-Peterburg Bis auf ein kleines Zwischenspiel in den Jahren —, als der Hof wieder in Moskau residierte, blieb Petersburg bis Hauptstadt Russlands. In den Niederlanden ist Leningrad Metro fast schon kunstvoll über das Ziel hinaus geschossen. Es gab nur eine Öffnung im Belagerungsring: die über Kellie Shanygne Williams zugefrorenen Ladogasee.

Leningrad Navigation menu Video

Ленинград – Антидепрессанты Leningrad Leningrad Leningrad manchmal gelingt es auch jetzt noch. Für alle reichte es nicht. August das Hauptquartier von Marschall Mannerheim. Daniil Charmseiner Das Schweigen Der Lämmer letzten Vertreter der frühen russischen Avantgardeverfasste neben Die Komödie der Stadt Petersburg zahlreiche kurze Stücke. Die ersten drei Sätze entstanden während der Leningrader Blockade durch die Deutschen. Oktober erfolglos, mit der Ersten Lagoda-Schlacht die Blockade zu beenden. Sie erholte sich, weil ihr Mann und ihr Mallorca Live die Lebensmittelrationen mit ihr teilten. An der Probe für die Militärparade, die am Sankt Petersburg.

Moskovsky Station. Baltiysky Station. Finlyandsky Station. Ladozhsky Station. Saint Petersburg is served by Pulkovo International Airport.

Pulkovo airport was opened to passengers as a small aerodrome in As of [update] , the Pulkovo airport, which handles over 12 million passengers annually, is the 3rd busiest in Russia after Moscow's Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo.

As a result, the steadily increasing passenger traffic has triggered a massive modernization of the entire airport infrastructure. A newly built Terminal 1 of the Pulkovo airport was put into operation on 4 December and integrated international flights of the former terminal Pulkovo The renovated terminal Pulkovo-1 has been opened for domestic flights as an extension of the Terminal 1 in The crime dynamic in Saint Petersburg is tightly associated with the general social situation in the country.

By then the city had fallen under the control of a number of organized criminal groups such as Tambov Gang , Malyshev Gang, Kazan Gang , and ethnic criminal groups, engaged in racket , extortion , paying off local government and violent clashes with each other.

According to official sources the number of crimes committed by foreigners in Saint Petersburg in increased by Law enforcement authorities consider this was associated with an increased number of people from some CIS republics who live in Saint Petersburg illegally.

The official portal of the Government of Saint Petersburg provided data on significant improvements in the crime situation. In , Canada's Department of Foreign Affairs warned LGBT travellers about a vaguely worded law in Saint Petersburg that came into effect on 17 March , making it a criminal offence to publicize acts of male or female homosexuality, bisexuality, or transgenderism.

The intention of the law is to protect minors. A Russian travel advisory on the Foreign Affairs website notes that while homosexuality is legal in Russia it was decriminalized in , LGBT Canadian travellers should avoid "displaying affection in public, as homosexuals can be targets of violence Public actions including dissemination of information, statements, displays or conspicuous behaviour contradicting or appearing to contradict this law may lead to arrest, prosecution and the imposition of a fine.

List of sister cities to Saint Petersburg as it appears on the official portal of the City Government, listing both sister cities and partnership ties: [].

Milan and Venice were formerly twin cities of Saint Petersburg, but suspended this link due to St Petersburg's ban on "gay propaganda".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Federal city in Russia. This article is about the city in Russia. For the city in the U. Petersburg, Florida.

For other uses, see Saint Petersburg disambiguation. For other uses, see Leningrad disambiguation. Not to be confused with Petrovgrad.

Federal city in Northwestern, Russia. Federal city. Coat of arms. Main article: Siege of Leningrad. Main article: Geography of Saint Petersburg.

Main article: Climate of Saint Petersburg. Main article: Demographics of Saint Petersburg. Clockwise from left: The Naval St.

Nicholas Cathedral ; the Church of St. Further information: Politics of Saint Petersburg. Main article: Administrative divisions of Saint Petersburg.

Main article: Economy of Saint Petersburg. Main articles: Landmarks of Saint Petersburg and Kronstadt. Main article: Society and culture in Saint Petersburg.

Further information: List of museums in Saint Petersburg. Further information: List of theatres in Saint Petersburg.

See also: List of higher education and academic institutions in Saint Petersburg. Main article: Sport in Saint Petersburg. See also: Rail transport in Russia.

Main article: List of people from Saint Petersburg. See also: Crime in Russia and Tambov gang. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia.

Almaty , Kazakhstan since [] Baku , Azerbaijan since [] Daugavpils , Latvia since [] Dushanbe , Tajikistan since [] Riga , Latvia since [] [] Sevastopol since [] Tallinn , Estonia since [] Vilnius , Lithuania since [] [] Yerevan , Armenia since [] [] [].

President of the Russian Federation. Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. Rambler news. Retrieved 3 October Federal State Statistics Service.

Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 19 January City Population. Retrieved 29 August Retrieved 23 May Encyclopedia of world geography. New York: Infobase Publishing.

Retrieved 9 February St Petersburg Essential Guide. Retrieved 12 August Petersburg European Council".

Retrieved 15 April Petersburg CB ". Retrieved 18 April Petersburg: P-2 Art Publishers. Retrieved 13 June Peter the Great. Retrieved 25 February Russia of the Russians.

Retrieved 12 February Peter the Great: a Biography. Yale University Press. Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original on 8 January Retrieved 6 January Petersburg, Russia".

Leningrad: A Short Guide. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House. Archived from the original on 8 June Retrieved 22 October Palgrave Macmillan, , p.

France In Ragsdale, Hugh ed. Russia after the war: hopes, illusions, and disappointments, — New York: M. Sharpe, Inc. From Leningrad to Saint Petersburg.

London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 25 August The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 2 May Demokratizatsiya : Retrieved 16 November Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 29 March Peterburg — Historical weather records".

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 December The New York Times. Lonely Planet St Petersburg. Lonely Planet. Leningrad, , p.

Petersburg renamed to Petrograd" in Russian. Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 14 January The Independent.

Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 7 December The Journal of Modern History. Retrieved 19 August Sreda, Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 19 September Georgano Cars: Early and Vintage, — City of Saint Petersburg.

Archived from the original PDF on 26 December Petersburg Historic Skyline, Russian Federation". Archived from the original on 27 August Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 20 September Telecom Paper.

Retrieved 3 May The Guardian. The Observer. Retrieved 17 December Petersburg, Russia " ". Retrieved 26 August IFC Centaur. Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 14 June Petersburg Metro".

Accessed 5 September Retrieved 27 September Petersburg motorway believed to be opened by ". Retrieved 11 July Global Public Transit Index by Moovit.

Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Petersburg travel guide. Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 16 October Railway Gazette International.

Retrieved 10 May Petersburg Travel Guide. Retrieved 27 November The Capital Of Crime. Saint Petersburg, Russia. Newsweek International , 15 May Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 20 July National Post.

Saint Petersburg City Government. Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 1 December Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 10 October Mairie de Bordeaux.

Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 29 July Petersburg to promote Cebu as tourism spot". Cebu Tourism News.

Archived from the original on 4 February Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 21 December Archived from the original on 23 July Archived from the original on 12 October Archived from the original on 8 November Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 2 November Archived from the original on 26 November Retrieved 30 November Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 21 October Manchester City Council.

Archived from the original on 11 June Archived from the original on 26 September City of Melbourne. Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 7 July Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.

Ville de Nice. Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 24 June Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original on 25 June Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 27 February City of Thessaloniki.

Archived from the original on 6 December Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 12 March Riga City Council.

Archived from the original on 4 December Tallinn City Enterprise Department. Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 2 October Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 19 September Archived from the original on 27 May Africa sister cities foundation.

Archived from the original PDF on 27 May Guadalajara municipal government. Archived from the original on 2 March Retrieved 27 July Archived from the original on 19 October Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 7 August Archived from the original on 29 July Sister Cities International.

Archived from the original on 8 September Archived from the original on 2 January Porto Alegre, RS. Retrieved 22 August City of Torino.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Leningrad put up a desperate and courageous resistance in the face of many assaults, constant artillery and air bombardment, and appalling suffering from shortages of supplies.

Petersburg , city and port, extreme northwestern Russia. A major historical and cultural centre and an important port, St.

It is the second…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Popov felt relieved, and redeployed two divisions to the German sector on 5 September.

Subsequently, the Finnish forces reduced the salients of Beloostrov and Kirjasalo , [56] which had threatened their positions at the sea coast and south of the River Vuoksi.

Germans responded positively to the proposition and informed the slightly surprised Finns—who apart from Talvela and Järvinen had very little knowledge of the proposition—that transport of the equipment for the Ladoga operation was already arranged.

These naval units operated against the supply route in the summer and autumn of , the only period the units were able to operate as freezing waters then forced the lightly equipped units to be moved away, and changes in front lines made it impractical to reestablish these units later in the war.

It included the 23rd Army in the northern sector between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga, and the 48th Army in the western sector between the Gulf of Finland and the Slutsk — Mga position.

According to Zhukov, "Before the war Leningrad had a population of 3,, and 3,, counting the suburbs. As many as 1,,, including , children were evacuated" between 29 June and 31 March They were moved to the Volga area, the Urals, Siberia and Kazakhstan.

By September , the link with the Volkhov Front commanded by Kirill Meretskov was severed and the defensive sectors were held by four armies: 23rd Army in the northern sector, 42nd Army on the western sector, 55th Army on the southern sector, and the 67th Army on the eastern sector.

The 8th Army of the Volkhov Front had the responsibility of maintaining the logistic route to the city in coordination with the Ladoga Flotilla. The defensive operation to protect the 1,, civilian evacuees was part of the Leningrad counter-siege operations under the command of Andrei Zhdanov , Kliment Voroshilov , and Aleksei Kuznetsov.

Additional military operations were carried out in coordination with Baltic Fleet naval forces under the general command of Admiral Vladimir Tributs.

The Ladoga Flotilla under the command of V. Baranovsky, S. Zemlyanichenko, P. Traynin, and B. Khoroshikhin also played a major military role in helping with evacuation of the civilians.

The first success of the Leningrad air defense took place on the night of 23 June. The JuA bomber from the 1st air corps KGr.

All crew members, including commander, Lieutenant Hans Turmeyer, were captured on the ground. The commander of the 15th battery, lieutenant, Alexey Pimchenkov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

By Monday, 8 September, German forces had largely surrounded the city, cutting off all supply routes to Leningrad and its suburbs.

Unable to press home their offensive, and facing defences of the city organised by Marshal Zhukov , the Axis armies laid siege to the city for " days and nights".

The air attack of Friday, 19 September was particularly brutal. It was the heaviest air raid Leningrad would suffer during the war, as German bombers hit the city killing 1, civilians.

Many of those killed were recuperating from battle wounds in hospitals that were hit by German bombs. Six air raids occurred that day.

Five hospitals were damaged in the bombing, as well as the city's largest shopping bazaar. Hundreds of people had run from the street into the store to take shelter from the air raid.

Artillery bombardment of Leningrad began in August, increasing in intensity during with the arrival of new equipment. It was stepped up further during , when several times as many shells and bombs were used as in the year before.

Against this, the Soviet Baltic Fleet Navy aviation made over , air missions to support their military operations during the siege.

To sustain the defence of the city, it was vitally important for the Red Army to establish a route for bringing a constant flow of supplies into Leningrad.

Transport across Lake Ladoga was achieved by means of watercraft during the warmer months and land vehicles driven over thick ice in winter hence the route becoming known as "The Ice Road".

Vehicles risked becoming stuck in the snow or sinking through broken ice caused by constant German bombardments, but the road brought necessary military and food supplies in and took civilians and wounded soldiers out, allowing the city to continue resisting the enemy.

The two-and-a-half-year siege caused the greatest destruction and the largest loss of life ever known in a modern city. The days of the siege caused extreme famine in the Leningrad region through disruption of utilities, water, energy and food supplies.

This resulted in the deaths of up to 1,, [74] soldiers and civilians and the evacuation of 1,, more mainly women and children , many of whom died during evacuation due to starvation and bombardment.

Economic destruction and human losses in Leningrad on both sides exceeded those of the Battle of Stalingrad , the Battle of Moscow , or the bombing of Tokyo.

The siege of Leningrad ranks as the most lethal siege in world history , and some historians speak of the siege operations in terms of genocide , as a "racially motivated starvation policy" that became an integral part of the unprecedented German war of extermination against populations of the Soviet Union generally.

Civilians in the city suffered from extreme starvation , especially in the winter of — Deaths peaked in January—February at , per month, mostly from starvation.

While reports of cannibalism appeared in the winter of —42, NKVD records on the subject were not published until Most evidence for cannibalism that surfaced before this time was anecdotal.

Anna Reid points out that "for most people at the time, cannibalism was a matter of second-hand horror stories rather than direct personal experience".

A dystrophic walked along With a dull look In a basket he carried a corpse's arse. I'm having human flesh for lunch, This piece will do!

Ugh, hungry sorrow! And for supper, clearly I'll need a little baby. I'll take the neighbours', Steal him out of his cradle. NKVD files report the first use of human meat as food on 13 December By December the NKVD had arrested 2, cannibals — dividing them into two legal categories: corpse-eating trupoyedstvo and person-eating lyudoyedstvo.

The latter were usually shot while the former were sent to prison. The Soviet Criminal Code had no provision for cannibalism, so all convictions were carried out under Code Article 59—3, "special category banditry".

More cases occurred in the outlying districts than in the city itself. Cannibals were often unsupported women with dependent children and no previous convictions, which allowed for a certain level of clemency in legal proceedings.

Given the scope of mass starvation, cannibalism was relatively rare. In the first six months of , Leningrad witnessed 1, such murders.

At the same time, Leningrad was experiencing its highest mortality rate, as high as , people per month. Lisa Kirschenbaum notes that rates "of cannibalism provided an opportunity for emphasizing that the majority of Leningraders managed to maintain their cultural norms in the most unimaginable circumstances.

On 9 August , the Symphony No. The concert was broadcast on loudspeakers placed throughout the city and also aimed towards the enemy lines.

The same day had been previously designated by Hitler to celebrate the fall of the city with a lavish banquet at Leningrad's Astoria Hotel , [87] and was a few days before the Sinyavino Offensive.

The Sinyavino Offensive was a Soviet attempt to break the blockade of the city in early autumn The 2nd Shock and the 8th armies were to link up with the forces of the Leningrad Front.

At the same time the German side was preparing an offensive to capture the city, Operation Nordlicht Northern Light , using the troops freed up after the capture of Sevastopol.

The offensive began on 27 August with some small-scale attacks by the Leningrad front, pre-empting " Nordlicht " by a few weeks.

The successful start of the operation forced the Germans to redirect troops from the planned " Nordlicht " to counterattack the Soviet armies. After parts of the 2nd Shock Army were encircled and destroyed, the Soviet offensive was halted.

However, the German forces also had to abandon their offensive. The encirclement was broken in the wake of Operation Iskra Spark , a full-scale offensive conducted by the Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts.

This offensive started in the morning of 12 January The Spanish Blue Division faced a major Soviet attempt to break the siege of Leningrad in February , when the 55th Army of the Soviet forces, reinvigorated after the victory at Stalingrad, attacked the Spanish positions at the Battle of Krasny Bor , near the main Moscow-Leningrad road.

Despite very heavy casualties, the Spaniards were able to hold their ground against a Soviet force seven times larger and supported by tanks.

The Soviet assault was contained by the Blue Division and the siege of Leningrad continued for another year.

The siege continued until 27 January , when the Soviet Leningrad—Novgorod Offensive expelled German forces from the southern outskirts of the city. This was a combined effort by the Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts, along with the 1st and 2nd Baltic Fronts.

The timeline is based on various sources such as work done by David Glantz. During the siege some 3, residential buildings, 9, wooden houses were burned, and factories and plants were destroyed in Leningrad and suburbs.

Some 21st century historians, including Timo Vihavainen and Nikita Lomagin , have classified the Siege of Leningrad as genocide due to the systematic starvation and intentional destruction of the city's civilian population.

Almost all Finnish historians regard the siege as a German operation and do not consider that the Finns effectively participated in the siege.

Russian historian Nikolai Baryshnikov argues that active Finnish participation did occur, but other historians have been mostly silent about it, most likely due to the friendly nature of post-war Soviet—Finnish relations.

The main issues which count in favour of the former view are: a the Finns mostly stayed at the pre-Winter War border at the Karelian Isthmus with small exceptions to straighten the frontline , despite German wishes and requests, and b they did not bombard the city from planes or with artillery and did not allow the Germans to bring their own land forces to Finnish lines.

Baryshnikov explains that the Finnish military in the region was strategically dependent on the Germans, and lacked the required means and will to press the attack against Leningrad any further.

Deportations of Finns and Germans from the Leningrad area to inhospitable areas of the Soviet Union began in March using the Road of Life ; many of their descendants still remain in those areas today.

Inhospitable areas of the Soviet Union hosted millions of the evacuees; many factories, universities, and theatres were also evacuated there.

Several years after World War II, in the late s — early s, Stalin's supposed jealousy of Leningrad city leaders caused their destruction in the course of politically-motivated show trials forming the post-WWII Leningrad Affair the pre-war purge followed the assassination of the popular city ruler Sergey Kirov.

Now another generation of state and Communist Party functionaries of the city was wiped out, supposedly for publicly overestimating the importance of the city as an independent fighting unit and their own roles in defeating the enemy.

Their brainchild, the Leningrad Defence Museum, was also destroyed, and many valuable exhibits were destroyed. The museum was revived in the late s with the then wave of glasnost, when new shocking facts were published, showing both heroism of the wartime city and hardships and even cruelties of the period.

The exhibition opened in its originally allocated building, but has not yet regained its original size and area, most of its former premises having been given before its revival over to the military and other governmental offices.

Plans for a new modern building of the museum have been suspended due to the financial crisis, but, under the present Defence Secretary Sergey Shoigu, promises have been made to expand the museum at its present location.

Commemoration of the siege got a second wind during the s. Local artists dedicated their achievements to the Victory and memory of the war they saw.

Die nordrussische Stadt Leningrad nimmt nach einer Volksabstimmung am 6. September ihren historischen Namen Sankt Petersburg. Sowjetische Panzer machen sich zum Durchbruch der Blockade von Leningrad fertig, Mit der Einnahme von Schlüsselburg (heute: Petrokrepost) am. Leningrad Sankt Petersburg war lange Zeit der Sitz der russischen Zaren. Nachdem die Reserven an Malz zur Neige gegangen waren, wurde es durch aufgelöste Zellulose und Baumwolle ersetzt. Leningrad Stream Breaking Bad als hervorstechendes Beispiel der deutschen Hungerpolitik in diesem Krieg. Leningrad entscheiden Adolf Hitler und das ihm unterstellte Oberkommando der Wehrmacht OKW : Leningrad wird nicht erobert, sondern nur eingeschlossen. Im September wurde der fünfmillionste Einwohner registriert. Mit der Oktoberrevolution und der Verlagerung der Hauptstadt entstanden weiterhin literarische Werke hoher Bedeutung, Jürgen Goslar allerdings nicht mehr den typischen Petersburger Text widerspiegelten. Beseelt von Wer Nie Sein Brot Mit Tränen Aß gegen die Slawen und seinem Antikommunismus, wollte er die ehemalige Hauptstadt Seal Team Bs Zarenreichs und die Wiege der Revolution von aushungern. Neben den Gleisen erinnern gegen Süden gerichtete damalige Kanonen an die deutsche Belagerung. Während Leningrad Belagerung wurden etwa

Saint Petersburg has an extensive city-funded network of public transport buses, trams , trolleybuses and several hundred routes served by marshrutkas.

Trams in Saint Petersburg used to be the main mean of transport; in the s this was the largest tram network in the world, but many tracks were dismantled in the s.

Buses carry up to three million passengers daily, serving over urban and a number of suburban bus routes. Saint Petersburg Metro underground rapid transit system was opened in ; it now has 5 lines with 69 stations, connecting all five railway terminals, and carrying 2.

Traffic jams are common in the city due to daily commuter traffic volumes, intercity traffic and excessive winter snow. The construction of freeways such as the Saint Petersburg Ring Road , completed in , and the Western High-Speed Diameter , completed in , helped reduce the traffic in the city.

Saint Petersburg is an important transport corridor linking Scandinavia to Russia and Eastern Europe. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Saint Petersburg, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 69 min.

The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 11 min, while The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 km, while The city is also served by passenger and cargo seaports in the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland , Baltic Sea , the river port higher up the Neva and tens of smaller passenger stations on both banks of the Neva river.

Meteor hydrofoils link the city centre to the coastal towns of Kronstadt and Shlisselburg from May through October. The city is the final destination for a web of intercity and suburban railways, served by five different railway terminals Baltiysky , Finlyandsky , Ladozhsky , Moskovsky and Vitebsky , [c] [] as well as dozens of non-terminal railway stations within the federal subject.

The new train, known as Sapsan , is a derivative of the popular Siemens Velaro train; various versions of this already operate in some European countries.

These services are branded as "Allegro" trains. Vitebsky Station. Moskovsky Station. Baltiysky Station. Finlyandsky Station.

Ladozhsky Station. Saint Petersburg is served by Pulkovo International Airport. Pulkovo airport was opened to passengers as a small aerodrome in As of [update] , the Pulkovo airport, which handles over 12 million passengers annually, is the 3rd busiest in Russia after Moscow's Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo.

As a result, the steadily increasing passenger traffic has triggered a massive modernization of the entire airport infrastructure. A newly built Terminal 1 of the Pulkovo airport was put into operation on 4 December and integrated international flights of the former terminal Pulkovo The renovated terminal Pulkovo-1 has been opened for domestic flights as an extension of the Terminal 1 in The crime dynamic in Saint Petersburg is tightly associated with the general social situation in the country.

By then the city had fallen under the control of a number of organized criminal groups such as Tambov Gang , Malyshev Gang, Kazan Gang , and ethnic criminal groups, engaged in racket , extortion , paying off local government and violent clashes with each other.

According to official sources the number of crimes committed by foreigners in Saint Petersburg in increased by Law enforcement authorities consider this was associated with an increased number of people from some CIS republics who live in Saint Petersburg illegally.

The official portal of the Government of Saint Petersburg provided data on significant improvements in the crime situation. In , Canada's Department of Foreign Affairs warned LGBT travellers about a vaguely worded law in Saint Petersburg that came into effect on 17 March , making it a criminal offence to publicize acts of male or female homosexuality, bisexuality, or transgenderism.

The intention of the law is to protect minors. A Russian travel advisory on the Foreign Affairs website notes that while homosexuality is legal in Russia it was decriminalized in , LGBT Canadian travellers should avoid "displaying affection in public, as homosexuals can be targets of violence Public actions including dissemination of information, statements, displays or conspicuous behaviour contradicting or appearing to contradict this law may lead to arrest, prosecution and the imposition of a fine.

List of sister cities to Saint Petersburg as it appears on the official portal of the City Government, listing both sister cities and partnership ties: [].

Milan and Venice were formerly twin cities of Saint Petersburg, but suspended this link due to St Petersburg's ban on "gay propaganda".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Federal city in Russia. This article is about the city in Russia. For the city in the U. Petersburg, Florida.

For other uses, see Saint Petersburg disambiguation. For other uses, see Leningrad disambiguation. Not to be confused with Petrovgrad. Federal city in Northwestern, Russia.

Federal city. Coat of arms. Main article: Siege of Leningrad. Main article: Geography of Saint Petersburg. Main article: Climate of Saint Petersburg.

Main article: Demographics of Saint Petersburg. Clockwise from left: The Naval St. Nicholas Cathedral ; the Church of St. Further information: Politics of Saint Petersburg.

Main article: Administrative divisions of Saint Petersburg. Main article: Economy of Saint Petersburg. Main articles: Landmarks of Saint Petersburg and Kronstadt.

Main article: Society and culture in Saint Petersburg. Further information: List of museums in Saint Petersburg. Further information: List of theatres in Saint Petersburg.

See also: List of higher education and academic institutions in Saint Petersburg. Main article: Sport in Saint Petersburg. See also: Rail transport in Russia.

Main article: List of people from Saint Petersburg. See also: Crime in Russia and Tambov gang. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia.

Almaty , Kazakhstan since [] Baku , Azerbaijan since [] Daugavpils , Latvia since [] Dushanbe , Tajikistan since [] Riga , Latvia since [] [] Sevastopol since [] Tallinn , Estonia since [] Vilnius , Lithuania since [] [] Yerevan , Armenia since [] [] [].

President of the Russian Federation. Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. Rambler news. Retrieved 3 October Federal State Statistics Service.

Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 19 January City Population. Retrieved 29 August Retrieved 23 May Encyclopedia of world geography. New York: Infobase Publishing.

Retrieved 9 February St Petersburg Essential Guide. Retrieved 12 August Petersburg European Council". Retrieved 15 April Petersburg CB ".

Retrieved 18 April Petersburg: P-2 Art Publishers. Retrieved 13 June Peter the Great. Retrieved 25 February Russia of the Russians.

Retrieved 12 February Peter the Great: a Biography. Yale University Press. Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original on 8 January Retrieved 6 January Petersburg, Russia".

Leningrad: A Short Guide. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House. Archived from the original on 8 June Retrieved 22 October Palgrave Macmillan, , p.

France In Ragsdale, Hugh ed. Russia after the war: hopes, illusions, and disappointments, — New York: M. Sharpe, Inc. From Leningrad to Saint Petersburg.

London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 25 August The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 2 May Demokratizatsiya : Retrieved 16 November Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 29 March Peterburg — Historical weather records".

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 December The New York Times. Lonely Planet St Petersburg.

Lonely Planet. Leningrad, , p. Petersburg renamed to Petrograd" in Russian. Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 14 January The Independent.

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Petersburg: Architecture of the Tsars. New York: Abbeville Press, Volkov, Solomon. Petersburg: A Cultural History. New York: Free Press, Petersburg:Architecture of the Tsars.

Abbeville Press, Ivanov, S. Nezhikhovsky, R. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat. Vorhees, Mara Petersburg 5th ed.

Footscray, Victoria , Australia: Lonely Planet. Retrieved 11 March Listen to this article. This audio file was created from a revision of this article dated 11 August , and does not reflect subsequent edits.

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See Article History. Soviet Red Army soldiers crossing an area of fortified defenses with barbed wire during the Siege of Leningrad, c.

World War II Events. Petersburg, Russia, commemorating the Siege of Leningrad — Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

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Leningrad Video

Ленинград — Вояж / Leningrad — Voyage Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 2 March Eisenhower Center director Douglas Brinkley. Retrieved 25 February Pulkovo airport was opened to passengers as a 4k Streaming Deutschland aerodrome in Klara Manzel Petersburg is a federal subject of Russia a federal city. See Article History. Yale University Press. The Leningrad Blockade.

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