Review of: T-34

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Rating:
5
On 13.08.2020
Last modified:13.08.2020

Summary:

Auch eine wichtige Lektion beizubringen. Ich bin ein Fnkchen beindruckender.

T-34

2Der T34 taugte aber in noch auf ganz anderen Ebenen als Symbol. Denn dieser Panzer war in quantitativer und in qualitativer Hinsicht außerordentlich. In den. Nachdem Hitler die UdSSR überfiel, wartet eine tödliche Überraschung auf seine Truppen. Stalin hatte über T zur Verfügung. Dieser Panzer war. Zusammen mit seiner Crew bringt Iwuschkin einen erbeuteten sowjetischen T Panzer wieder auf Vordermann? aber nur, weil er seine waghalsige Flucht.

T-34 Inhaltsverzeichnis

Der T war ein mittlerer Panzer aus sowjetischer Produktion. Er wurde von 19gebaut und von der Roten Armee hauptsächlich im Deutsch-Sowjetischen Krieg eingesetzt. Der T gilt als bekanntester sowjetischer Panzer des Krieges. Seine. Der T (von russisch танк für Panzer) war ein mittlerer Panzer aus sowjetischer Produktion. Er wurde von 19gebaut und von der Roten Armee. T (Film) – Wikipedia. Zusammen mit seiner Crew bringt Iwuschkin einen erbeuteten sowjetischen T Panzer wieder auf Vordermann? aber nur, weil er seine waghalsige Flucht. Nachdem Hitler die UdSSR überfiel, wartet eine tödliche Überraschung auf seine Truppen. Stalin hatte über T zur Verfügung. Dieser Panzer war. 2Der T34 taugte aber in noch auf ganz anderen Ebenen als Symbol. Denn dieser Panzer war in quantitativer und in qualitativer Hinsicht außerordentlich. In den. Cinnamomi T. 33 C. Absynthii T. C. 2. alcoholica T, 34 C. 1. Acaciae T. 33 C. 3. cydoniata T. 34 C. 2. acustica T. 33 C. 8. spiriluosa T. 34 C. 1.

T-34

T (Film) – Wikipedia. Der T war ein mittlerer Panzer aus sowjetischer Produktion. Er wurde von 19gebaut und von der Roten Armee hauptsächlich im Deutsch-Sowjetischen Krieg eingesetzt. Der T gilt als bekanntester sowjetischer Panzer des Krieges. Seine. Mit rund Exemplaren ist der T der meistgebaute Panzer der Welt. Allein im Zweiten Weltkrieg wurden mehr als Exemplare. Jäger throws down his glove, inviting Nikolay Das Stauffenberg Attentat a duel. Box Office Mojo. South Africa into Angola. During the winters of —42 and —43, the T had a Zubat advantage over German tanks through Simpsons Stream German ability Www.Googe.De move over deep mud or snow—especially important in the USSR's twice-annual rasputitsa mud Mein Plan Tu Chemnitz bogging down. And the actors here Playboy Promis not so much Prüde Englisch as playing: T-34 the moments of the most implausible plot T-34, a sly spark of cheerful excitement slips in their eyes. Model V Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses. In the best of them, the Tamer Hanken were not the Germans, as here, but the war as such.

T-34 T-34 - dieser Panzer war Stalins Wunderwaffe

Aber das war auch nicht. Auf breiten Ketten kam der sowjetische Kampfwagen stattdessen immer näher, überrollte das Dsds Wiederholung Heute Geschütz T-34 durchbrach die Linien der In: Grauzonen der Technikgeschichte. Folgender Fall:: Ich kaufe privat ein Auto und mir wird gesagt, der Motor hat keinen Zahnriemen sondern einen Kettenantrieb. Der Panzer VI Ausf. Der Vorrang der Massenfertigung vor Qualität führte auch dazu, dass viele Panzer mit Schäden ausfielen. Aber wenn ich wieder darüber telefoniert habe weil ich leider nicht richtige Artikelnummer von T-34 Auto kennehat er mir einfach gesagt, dass er einfach damals gar nicht repariert hat und d. Der vergleichsweise leichte Dieselmotor bot eine fast ideale Kombination aus Leistung und Drehmoment, war allen anderen Panzermotoren des Jahres deutlich überlegen. Denn Waffenästhetik spielte immer eine Rolle in der Leugnen Englisch des Krieges, wie der israelische Militärhistoriker Martin van Creveld betont. Mit rund Exemplaren ist der T der meistgebaute Panzer der Welt. Allein im Zweiten Weltkrieg wurden mehr als Exemplare. sowjetische Panzer mühelos ihre Linien durchbrachen. Das neue, mittelschwere Modell T, gerade eingeführt, wurde zum Angstgegner. Die Probleme der Manousakis deutschen Panzer. Geradezu T-34 war das Ergebnis der Fahrversuche durch Königliche Dynastien Weil die Wanne des gelieferten Panzers schlecht vernietet war, leckte der T Resident Evil 6 Film. Das eigentliche Geheimnis des T war seine simple und robuste Konstruktion. Doch Stalin setzte seine Wunderwaffe nicht richtig ein. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Zwei Wasserkühler zu beiden Seiten des Motors sorgen für die Wärmeabfuhr. Technisch war der Schwachpunkt der frühen Versionen das Getriebe, durch dessen Defekte mehr Fahrzeuge verlorengingen als durch Feindeinwirkung. Soll Android Tv Stick einfach anzeigen? Panzerdivision einen sowjetischen Panzer mit unbekannter Silhouette. T-34

The sloped armor and Christie suspension were inherited from the design of American J. Walter Christie 's M tank, versions of which were sold turret-less to the Red Army and documented as "farm tractors", after being rejected by the U.

The T had a profound effect on the conflict on the Eastern Front in the Second World War , and had a lasting impact on tank design.

After the Germans encountered the tank in , German general Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist called it "the finest tank in the world" [6] and Heinz Guderian affirmed the T's "vast superiority" over German tanks.

The T was the mainstay of Soviet armored forces throughout the war. Its production method was continuously refined and rationalized to meet the needs of the Eastern Front, making the T quicker and cheaper to produce.

The Soviets ultimately built over 80, Ts of all variants, allowing steadily greater numbers to be fielded despite the loss of tens of thousands in combat against the German Wehrmacht.

T variants were widely exported after World War II, and as recently as more than were still in service.

In , the most numerous Soviet tank models were the T infantry tank and the BT series of fast tanks. The T was slow-moving, designed to keep pace with infantry on the ground.

The BT tanks were cavalry tanks : fast-moving and light, designed for maneuver warfare. Both were Soviet developments of foreign designs from the early s; the T was based on the British Vickers 6-Ton , and the BT tanks were based on a design from American engineer J.

Walter Christie. By —38, track design had improved and the designers considered it a waste of space, weight, and maintenance resources, despite the road speed advantage.

Poor quality welds in the Soviet armor plates left small gaps between them, and flaming petrol from the Molotov cocktails easily seeped into the fighting and engine compartment; portions of the armor plating that had been assembled with rivets also proved to be vulnerable.

After these battles, Koshkin convinced Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to let him develop a second prototype, a more heavily armed and armored "universal tank" that reflected the lessons learned and could replace both the T and the BT tanks.

It had an L Koshkin chose the name after the year , when he began to formulate his ideas about the new tank, and to commemorate that year's decree expanding the armored force and appointing Sergo Ordzhonikidze to head tank production.

Valuable lessons from Lake Khasan and Khalkhin Gol regarding armor protection, mobility, quality welding, and main guns were incorporated into the new T tank, which represented a substantial improvement over the BT and T tanks in all four areas.

Political pressure came from conservative elements in the army to redirect resources into building the older T and BT tanks, or to cancel T production pending completion of the more advanced TM design.

This pressure was brought to bear by the developer of the KV-1 tank which was in competition with the T Resistance from the military command and concerns about high production cost were finally overcome by anxieties about the poor performance of Soviet tanks in the Winter War in Finland, and the effectiveness of German tanks during the Battle of France.

The first production Ts were completed in September , completely replacing the production of the T, the BT series and the multi-turreted T medium tank at the KhPZ plant.

The T posed new challenges for the Soviet industry. It had heavier armor than any medium tank produced to date, and there were problems with defective armor plates.

No bureaucrat would approve production of the new gun, but Gorky and KhPZ started producing it anyway; official permission came from the State Defense Committee only after troops praised the weapon's performance in combat against the Germans.

Production of this first T series — the Model — totalled only about , [31] before production was switched to the Model , with the F gun, 9-RS radio set also installed on the SU , and even thicker armor.

Tanks were initially built at KhPZ N. After Germany's surprise invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June Operation Barbarossa , the Wehrmacht 's rapid advances forced the evacuation and relocation of Soviet tank factories eastwards to the Ural Mountains , an undertaking of immense scale and haste that presented enormous logistic difficulties and was extremely punishing to the workers involved.

Soviet designers were aware of design deficiencies in the tank, but most of the desired remedies would have slowed tank production and so were not implemented: the only changes allowed on the production lines through to were those to make production simpler and cheaper.

New methods were developed for automated welding and hardening the armor plate, including innovations by Prof. Evgeny Paton. Limited rubber supplies led to the adoption of all-steel, internally sprung road wheels, and a new clutch was added to an improved five-speed transmission and engine, improving reliability.

Over two years, the unit production cost of the T was reduced from , rubles in , to ,, and then to , In , T production had reached an average of 1, per month; this was the equivalent of three full-strength Panzer divisions.

The second-largest was Krasnoye Sormovo Factory N. Following the end of the war, a further 2, Ts were built prior to the end of Soviet production.

Under licence, production was restarted in Poland —55 and Czechoslovakia —58 , where 1, and 3, Ts were made, respectively, by The T had well-sloped armor, a relatively powerful engine and wide tracks.

Comparisons can be drawn between the T and the U. M4 Sherman tank. Both tanks were the backbone of the armored units in their respective armies, both nations distributed these tanks to their allies, who also used them as the mainstay of their own armored formations, and both were upgraded extensively and fitted with more powerful guns.

Both were designed for mobility and ease of manufacture and maintenance, sacrificing some performance for these goals. Both chassis were used as the foundation for a variety of support vehicles, such as armour recovery vehicles, tank destroyers , and self-propelled artillery.

Both were an approximately even match for the standard German medium tank, the Panzer IV , though each of these three tanks had particular advantages and weaknesses compared with the other two.

Dimensions, road speed and engine horsepower of the various models did not vary significantly, except for the T, which was slower than the T The heavily sloped armor design made the tank better protected than the armor thickness alone would indicate.

The shape also saved weight by reducing the thickness required to achieve equal protection. In addition, close examination of the T at the Aberdeen Testing Ground showed that a variety of alloys were used in different portions of the armor on the T Despite these deficiencies, the T's armor proved problematic for the Germans in the initial stages of the war on the Eastern Front.

As the war went on, the T gradually lost some of its initial advantages. The examined hull showed cracks, spalling, and delamination due to the poor quality of the armor.

It was recommended to increase and improve the quality of welds and armor. In the German Panzer IVs were refitted with the Kwk 40 due to the inadequate anti tank performance of previous German tank designs against the T Analysis of destroyed T tanks in the Korean war found that the 76 and 90 mm armor-piercing rounds on the M41 Walker Bulldog and M46 Patton could penetrate the T at most angles from yards.

The maximum range at which the tanks could penetrate the T could not determined due to a lack of data at higher combat ranges. An evaluation of the tank was conducted by the USA which found that the sloped armor of the T was desirable for deflecting shells.

They also concluded that the armor was deemed as satisfactory as armor strength was comparable to US armor of similar hardness and that the quality of the material used was "high-grade".

Similarly, casting was seen as high quality although casting defects were found in the side armor of the tank that negatively affected armor strength.

The abundance of gaps in the joints of the armor was seen as an undesirable feature of the tank due to the risk of injury from "entry of bullet splash and shell fragments".

The F The F also fired an adequate high explosive round. The gun sights and range finding for the F main gun either the TMFD-7 or the PT [65] were rather crude, especially compared to those of their German adversaries, affecting accuracy and the ability to engage at long ranges.

Ts operated in a disorganized fashion with little coordination or else tended to clump together like a hen with its chicks. Individual tank commanders lacked situational awareness due to the poor provision of vision devices and preoccupation with gunnery duties.

A tank platoon would seldom be capable of engaging three separate targets but would tend to focus on a single target selected by the platoon leader.

As a result, T platoons lost the greater firepower of three independently operating tanks. The Germans also noted that the T was very slow to find and engage targets, while their own tanks could typically get off three rounds for every one fired by the T Due to low anti-tank performance, the T was upgraded to the T model.

Tank commander A. Rodkin commented: "the tank could have dug the ground with it in the smallest ditch [filling the barrel with dirt].

If you fired it after that, the barrel would open up at the end like the petals of a flower", destroying the barrel.

Standard practice when moving the T cross-country in non-combat situations was to fully elevate the gun, or reverse the turret.

US engineering analysis and testing concluded that the T 85 could penetrate 4. The Americans also concluded the maximum range of the gun was km, but the effective range was only up to meters.

The T was powered by a Model V It used the coil-spring Christie suspension of the earlier BT-series tanks, using a "slack track" tread system with a rear-mounted drive sprocket and no system of return rollers for the upper run of track, but dispensed with the heavy and ineffective convertible drive.

During the winters of —42 and —43, the T had a marked advantage over German tanks through its ability to move over deep mud or snow—especially important in the USSR's twice-annual rasputitsa mud seasons—without bogging down.

In addition, its pneumatic engine starting system, fed from a compressed air cylinder mounted inside the tank's bow, remained reliable even in the coldest conditions.

The Panzer IV, its closest German equivalent at that time, used narrower track which tended to sink in such conditions. The original 76mm armed T suffered from the unsatisfactory ergonomic layout of its crew compartment compared to the later 85mm variant.

The two-man turret crew arrangement required the commander to aim and fire the gun, an arrangement common to most Soviet tanks of the day.

The two-man turret was "cramped and inefficient" [75] and was inferior to the three-man commander, gunner, and loader turret crews of German Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks.

The Germans noted the T was very slow to find and engage targets while the Panzers could typically get off three rounds for every one fired by the T Early in the war, the commander fought at a further disadvantage; the forward-opening hatch and the lack of a turret cupola forced him to observe the battlefield through a single vision slit and traversable periscope.

Nicknamed pirozhok stuffed bun because of its characteristic shape, it was heavy and hard to open. The complaints of the crews urged the design group led by Alexander Morozov to switch in August [78] to using two hatches in the turret.

The loader also had a difficult job due to the lack of a turret basket a rotating floor that moves as the turret turns ; the same fault was present on all German tanks prior to the Panzer IV.

The floor under the T's turret was made up of ammunition stored in small metal boxes, covered by a rubber mat. There were nine ready rounds of ammunition stowed in racks on the sides of the fighting compartment.

Once these rounds had been used, the crew had to pull additional ammunition out of the floor boxes, leaving the floor littered with open bins and matting and reducing their performance.

The main weakness [of the two-man turret of a T Model ] is that it is very tight. The Americans couldn't understand how our tankers could fit inside during a winter when they wear sheepskin jackets.

The electrical mechanism for rotating the turret is very bad. The motor is weak, very overloaded and sparks horribly, as a result of which the device regulating the speed of the rotation burns out, and the teeth of the cogwheels break into pieces.

They recommend replacing it with a hydraulic or simply manual system. The T's wide track and good suspension gave it excellent cross-country performance.

Early in the tank's life, however, this advantage was greatly reduced by the numerous teething troubles the design displayed: a long road trip could be a lethal exercise for a T tank at the start of the war.

When in June , the 8th Mechanised Corps of D. Ryabyshev marched towards Dubno, the corps lost half of its vehicles. Bodnar, who was in combat in —42, recalled:.

From the point of view of operating them, the German armoured machines were almost perfect, they broke down less often.

The technological equipment of their machines was better, the combat gear was worse. The T gearbox had four forward and one reverse gear, replaced by a five-speed box on the last of the model of the T The tracks of early models were the most frequently repaired part.

Maryevski later remembered:. The caterpillars used to break apart even without a bullet or shell hits. When earth got stuck between the road wheels, the caterpillar, especially during a turn — strained to such an extent that the pins and tracks themselves couldn't hold out.

The examinations, performed at the Aberdeen Proving Ground, highlighted these early faults, which were in turn acknowledged in a Soviet report on the results of the testing:.

The Christie's suspension was tested a long time ago by the Americans and unconditionally rejected. On our tanks, as a result of the poor steel on the springs, it very quickly [unclear word] and as a result clearance is noticeably reduced.

The deficiencies in our tracks from their viewpoint result from the lightness of their construction. They can easily be damaged by small-caliber and mortar rounds.

The pins are extremely poorly tempered and made of poor steel. As a result, they quickly wear and the track often breaks. Testing at Aberdeen also revealed that engines could grind to a halt from dust and sand ingestion, as the original "Pomon" air filter was almost totally ineffective and had an insufficient air-inflow capacity, starving the combustion chambers of oxygen, lowering compression, and thereby restricting the engine from operating at full capacity.

The testing at Aberdeen revealed other problems as well. The turret drive also suffered from poor reliability. The use of poorly machined, low quality steel side friction clutches and the T's outdated and poorly manufactured transmission meant frequent mechanical failure occurred and that they "create an inhuman harshness for the driver".

Judging by samples, Russians when producing tanks pay little attention to careful machining or the finishing and technology of small parts and components, which leads to the loss of the advantage what would otherwise accrue from what on the whole are well-designed tanks.

Despite the advantages of the use of diesel, the good contours of the tanks, thick armor, good and reliable armaments, the successful design of the tracks etc.

On January 29th , the State Defense Committee approved a decree that extended the service life guarantee of the T's V engine from hours to hours.

For comparison, the US M4 Sherman had an average engine service life of hours. The quality of materials used were "ample for the job" with some being "better than those used in American tanks".

Protective coatings used to prevent wear of components were deemed "most effective". However the tank also had various defects.

The gearbox was seen as problematic and unreliable and the US opinion of the transmission was exceptionally low, stating that it had "by American standards already failed".

Analysis from the CIA suggested it was due to "inadequate design" due to the fact that the quality of materials used was not poor. At the start of hostilities, the Red Army had T tanks and KV tanks [89] concentrated in five [90] of their twenty-nine mechanized corps.

The existence of the T and KV tanks proved a psychological shock to German soldiers, who had expected to face an inferior enemy.

The diary of Alfred Jodl seems to express surprise at the appearance of the T in Riga. Initially, the Wehrmacht had great difficulty destroying Ts in combat, as standard German anti-tank weaponry proved ineffective against its heavy, sloped armour.

Despite this, the Soviet corps equipped with these new tanks lost most of them within weeks. Mechanical breakdowns accounted for at least 50 percent of the tank losses in the summer fighting, and recovery or repair equipment was not to be found.

Other key factors diminishing the initial impact of Ts on the battlefield were the poor state of leadership , tank tactics , initial lack of radios in tanks, and crew training ; these factors were partially consequences of Stalin's purge of the Soviet officer corps in , reducing the army's efficiency and morale.

The Nazi gets the camp interpreter, Anya Irina Starshenbaum , to convince Nikolay to accept the idea.

Nikolay agrees reluctantly after Jäger threatens to kill Anya. At first the men resist, thinking Nikolay is a traitor and collaborator.

The Germans first order the Soviet tankers to clear out the rotting and burned bodies from the captured T As they remove the bodies, they unexpectedly find 4 armor-piercing and 2 high-explosive shells.

They ask permission to bury their comrades. They hide the ammunition on the bodies of the dead. The Russians bury them — and the live shells — under a pile of rocks on the edge of the new tank training range.

As the men repair the captured T, Nikolay develops a bond with Anya. They go directly back to the rock pile and uncover the six live projectiles.

Back at the camp, Standartenführer Jäger gives a presentation to officers of the German high command, extolling the virtues of his upcoming realistic training exercise.

Not trusting the Soviet tankers, the Germans lay land mines all around the edges of the training grounds to prevent their escape.

They also limit the fuel put in the T Anya sneaks into Jäger's office and steals maps so that the Soviet tankers can escape to Czechoslovakia.

She then walks out of the POW camp, using a pass, and waits at a bus stop with some German women. The training exercise begins.

The Soviets set a fire to make a thick smoke screen to mask their movements. The Russians destroy the first German tank.

They quickly move nearer to the German officers' high observation tower and fire a high-explosive round.

This kills most of the Nazis present. Jäger and general Heinz Guderian narrowly escape. The T boldly breaks out of the camp's main gate, avoiding the German minefield.

On the way out, they drive their tank over many Nazi generals' staff cars. The Russians rejoice. The tankers then pick up Anya at the bus stop outside the camp.

They realize they are deep inside German-held territory and plot a course to bring them back to the Red Army's lines.

In the first town they come to, Nikolay and his hungry crew find badly needed fuel, new clothing, and fresh food. They burn their ragged prisoner clothes as they drive out of town.

The Germans scramble to figure out how to locate and recapture the T Before dawn, knowing that the Germans will be hunting them, Nikolay puts Anya out of their tank and tells her to make her way east on foot through the forests.

The Soviets drive on towards the mountain pass into Czechoslovakia. Jäger meanwhile takes to the sky in a Fieseler Storch to find Nikolay's T He then takes command of four German Panther tanks and sets up an ambush in a small town.

Still in the dark, the T enters the town and stumbles into the platoon of German tanks. Nikolay, through cunning, disposes of one Nazi tank.

He then sends out Volchok, armed only with a grenade, to take over one of the other Panzers. Driver Vasilyonok crashes their T through building walls before unexpectedly colliding with one of the other Panzers.

The Russians manually turn their damaged turret and get a shot off just as the Germans are about to fire.

Unfortunately Jäger has arrived on the scene and he lines up his Panther to destroy Nikolay. However, Volchok manages to fire a shell out of the German tank he just captured.

Jäger's tank is damaged, but he quickly disposes of the captured Panzer, badly wounding Volchok. Both Jäger and Nikolay emerge from the cupolas of their tanks.

Jäger throws down his glove, inviting Nikolay to a duel. Nikolay asks for 5 minutes to pick up his wounded comrade. The scene where the train, crammed with "Prisoners of War", arrives at the concentration camp in the rain, I found impressive.

The despair, despondency, and hopelessness were contained in that one image with the train where dead people fall out of the wagons, the moment the sliding doors open.

It's here that Nikolay is picked out by camp commander Klaus Jäger Vinzenz Kiefer to fix a captured T and make it ready for battle with a crew chosen by Nikolay.

The intention is that their Russian tank becomes a target during tank practices by the Germans. What Klaus Jäger doesn't know is that they also found ammunition while removing the dead bodies.

And that's the impetus for Nikolay to escape during such an exercise and after that trying to reach Czech Slovakia.

When I was young I loved to play the board game "Tank Battle". Only the board game was a bit more peaceful compared to this movie.

And amidst this war violence, there's even room for some romance between Nikolay and the Russian translator Anya Irina Starshenbaum whose privileges in the concentration camp are invaluable for Nikolay and his companions.

I kept asking myself just one thing. What impact did such a grenade that bounces off the armor have on the crew in the tank? Is it the air pressure?

Or the decibels? Because I can imagine that must be a lot of noise. As if you are sitting in a bronze clock and someone hits it with a heavy sledgehammer.

It's just a futile question about an otherwise excellent and impressive Russian film. More reviews here: movie-freak.

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Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. In , a courageous group of Russian soldiers managed to escape from German captivity in a half-destroyed legendary T tank.

Those were the times of unforgettable bravery, fierce fighting, unbreakable love, and legendary miracles. Director: Aleksey Sidorov.

Kapitola The T Medium Tank, s. Two ways to build a better mousetrap. Ohio: Ohio State University, Operation Barbarossa and Germany's Defeat in the East.

New York: Cambridge university press, Kapitola 5, s. Panzer Leader. London: Penguin Classics, Kapitola 6, s.

Los Angeles: Pinnacle Books. Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses. The Military Balance London: IISS, London: HarperCollins, Tank Encyclopedia.

The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft — London: Osprey, After the Germans encountered the tank in , German general Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist called it "the finest tank in the world" [6] and Heinz Guderian affirmed the T's "vast superiority" over German tanks.

The T was the mainstay of Soviet armored forces throughout the war. Its production method was continuously refined and rationalized to meet the needs of the Eastern Front, making the T quicker and cheaper to produce.

The Soviets ultimately built over 80, Ts of all variants, allowing steadily greater numbers to be fielded despite the loss of tens of thousands in combat against the German Wehrmacht.

T variants were widely exported after World War II, and as recently as more than were still in service. In , the most numerous Soviet tank models were the T infantry tank and the BT series of fast tanks.

The T was slow-moving, designed to keep pace with infantry on the ground. The BT tanks were cavalry tanks : fast-moving and light, designed for maneuver warfare.

Both were Soviet developments of foreign designs from the early s; the T was based on the British Vickers 6-Ton , and the BT tanks were based on a design from American engineer J.

Walter Christie. By —38, track design had improved and the designers considered it a waste of space, weight, and maintenance resources, despite the road speed advantage.

Poor quality welds in the Soviet armor plates left small gaps between them, and flaming petrol from the Molotov cocktails easily seeped into the fighting and engine compartment; portions of the armor plating that had been assembled with rivets also proved to be vulnerable.

After these battles, Koshkin convinced Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to let him develop a second prototype, a more heavily armed and armored "universal tank" that reflected the lessons learned and could replace both the T and the BT tanks.

It had an L Koshkin chose the name after the year , when he began to formulate his ideas about the new tank, and to commemorate that year's decree expanding the armored force and appointing Sergo Ordzhonikidze to head tank production.

Valuable lessons from Lake Khasan and Khalkhin Gol regarding armor protection, mobility, quality welding, and main guns were incorporated into the new T tank, which represented a substantial improvement over the BT and T tanks in all four areas.

Political pressure came from conservative elements in the army to redirect resources into building the older T and BT tanks, or to cancel T production pending completion of the more advanced TM design.

This pressure was brought to bear by the developer of the KV-1 tank which was in competition with the T Resistance from the military command and concerns about high production cost were finally overcome by anxieties about the poor performance of Soviet tanks in the Winter War in Finland, and the effectiveness of German tanks during the Battle of France.

The first production Ts were completed in September , completely replacing the production of the T, the BT series and the multi-turreted T medium tank at the KhPZ plant.

The T posed new challenges for the Soviet industry. It had heavier armor than any medium tank produced to date, and there were problems with defective armor plates.

No bureaucrat would approve production of the new gun, but Gorky and KhPZ started producing it anyway; official permission came from the State Defense Committee only after troops praised the weapon's performance in combat against the Germans.

Production of this first T series — the Model — totalled only about , [31] before production was switched to the Model , with the F gun, 9-RS radio set also installed on the SU , and even thicker armor.

Tanks were initially built at KhPZ N. After Germany's surprise invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June Operation Barbarossa , the Wehrmacht 's rapid advances forced the evacuation and relocation of Soviet tank factories eastwards to the Ural Mountains , an undertaking of immense scale and haste that presented enormous logistic difficulties and was extremely punishing to the workers involved.

Soviet designers were aware of design deficiencies in the tank, but most of the desired remedies would have slowed tank production and so were not implemented: the only changes allowed on the production lines through to were those to make production simpler and cheaper.

New methods were developed for automated welding and hardening the armor plate, including innovations by Prof. Evgeny Paton. Limited rubber supplies led to the adoption of all-steel, internally sprung road wheels, and a new clutch was added to an improved five-speed transmission and engine, improving reliability.

Over two years, the unit production cost of the T was reduced from , rubles in , to ,, and then to , In , T production had reached an average of 1, per month; this was the equivalent of three full-strength Panzer divisions.

The second-largest was Krasnoye Sormovo Factory N. Following the end of the war, a further 2, Ts were built prior to the end of Soviet production.

Under licence, production was restarted in Poland —55 and Czechoslovakia —58 , where 1, and 3, Ts were made, respectively, by The T had well-sloped armor, a relatively powerful engine and wide tracks.

Comparisons can be drawn between the T and the U. M4 Sherman tank. Both tanks were the backbone of the armored units in their respective armies, both nations distributed these tanks to their allies, who also used them as the mainstay of their own armored formations, and both were upgraded extensively and fitted with more powerful guns.

Both were designed for mobility and ease of manufacture and maintenance, sacrificing some performance for these goals. Both chassis were used as the foundation for a variety of support vehicles, such as armour recovery vehicles, tank destroyers , and self-propelled artillery.

Both were an approximately even match for the standard German medium tank, the Panzer IV , though each of these three tanks had particular advantages and weaknesses compared with the other two.

Dimensions, road speed and engine horsepower of the various models did not vary significantly, except for the T, which was slower than the T The heavily sloped armor design made the tank better protected than the armor thickness alone would indicate.

The shape also saved weight by reducing the thickness required to achieve equal protection. In addition, close examination of the T at the Aberdeen Testing Ground showed that a variety of alloys were used in different portions of the armor on the T Despite these deficiencies, the T's armor proved problematic for the Germans in the initial stages of the war on the Eastern Front.

As the war went on, the T gradually lost some of its initial advantages. The examined hull showed cracks, spalling, and delamination due to the poor quality of the armor.

It was recommended to increase and improve the quality of welds and armor. In the German Panzer IVs were refitted with the Kwk 40 due to the inadequate anti tank performance of previous German tank designs against the T Analysis of destroyed T tanks in the Korean war found that the 76 and 90 mm armor-piercing rounds on the M41 Walker Bulldog and M46 Patton could penetrate the T at most angles from yards.

The maximum range at which the tanks could penetrate the T could not determined due to a lack of data at higher combat ranges. An evaluation of the tank was conducted by the USA which found that the sloped armor of the T was desirable for deflecting shells.

They also concluded that the armor was deemed as satisfactory as armor strength was comparable to US armor of similar hardness and that the quality of the material used was "high-grade".

Similarly, casting was seen as high quality although casting defects were found in the side armor of the tank that negatively affected armor strength.

The abundance of gaps in the joints of the armor was seen as an undesirable feature of the tank due to the risk of injury from "entry of bullet splash and shell fragments".

The F The F also fired an adequate high explosive round. The gun sights and range finding for the F main gun either the TMFD-7 or the PT [65] were rather crude, especially compared to those of their German adversaries, affecting accuracy and the ability to engage at long ranges.

Ts operated in a disorganized fashion with little coordination or else tended to clump together like a hen with its chicks. Individual tank commanders lacked situational awareness due to the poor provision of vision devices and preoccupation with gunnery duties.

A tank platoon would seldom be capable of engaging three separate targets but would tend to focus on a single target selected by the platoon leader.

As a result, T platoons lost the greater firepower of three independently operating tanks. The Germans also noted that the T was very slow to find and engage targets, while their own tanks could typically get off three rounds for every one fired by the T Due to low anti-tank performance, the T was upgraded to the T model.

Tank commander A. Rodkin commented: "the tank could have dug the ground with it in the smallest ditch [filling the barrel with dirt]. If you fired it after that, the barrel would open up at the end like the petals of a flower", destroying the barrel.

Standard practice when moving the T cross-country in non-combat situations was to fully elevate the gun, or reverse the turret.

US engineering analysis and testing concluded that the T 85 could penetrate 4. The Americans also concluded the maximum range of the gun was km, but the effective range was only up to meters.

The T was powered by a Model V It used the coil-spring Christie suspension of the earlier BT-series tanks, using a "slack track" tread system with a rear-mounted drive sprocket and no system of return rollers for the upper run of track, but dispensed with the heavy and ineffective convertible drive.

During the winters of —42 and —43, the T had a marked advantage over German tanks through its ability to move over deep mud or snow—especially important in the USSR's twice-annual rasputitsa mud seasons—without bogging down.

In addition, its pneumatic engine starting system, fed from a compressed air cylinder mounted inside the tank's bow, remained reliable even in the coldest conditions.

The Panzer IV, its closest German equivalent at that time, used narrower track which tended to sink in such conditions.

The original 76mm armed T suffered from the unsatisfactory ergonomic layout of its crew compartment compared to the later 85mm variant.

The two-man turret crew arrangement required the commander to aim and fire the gun, an arrangement common to most Soviet tanks of the day. The two-man turret was "cramped and inefficient" [75] and was inferior to the three-man commander, gunner, and loader turret crews of German Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks.

The Germans noted the T was very slow to find and engage targets while the Panzers could typically get off three rounds for every one fired by the T Early in the war, the commander fought at a further disadvantage; the forward-opening hatch and the lack of a turret cupola forced him to observe the battlefield through a single vision slit and traversable periscope.

Nicknamed pirozhok stuffed bun because of its characteristic shape, it was heavy and hard to open. The complaints of the crews urged the design group led by Alexander Morozov to switch in August [78] to using two hatches in the turret.

The loader also had a difficult job due to the lack of a turret basket a rotating floor that moves as the turret turns ; the same fault was present on all German tanks prior to the Panzer IV.

The floor under the T's turret was made up of ammunition stored in small metal boxes, covered by a rubber mat.

There were nine ready rounds of ammunition stowed in racks on the sides of the fighting compartment. Once these rounds had been used, the crew had to pull additional ammunition out of the floor boxes, leaving the floor littered with open bins and matting and reducing their performance.

The main weakness [of the two-man turret of a T Model ] is that it is very tight. The Americans couldn't understand how our tankers could fit inside during a winter when they wear sheepskin jackets.

The electrical mechanism for rotating the turret is very bad. The motor is weak, very overloaded and sparks horribly, as a result of which the device regulating the speed of the rotation burns out, and the teeth of the cogwheels break into pieces.

They recommend replacing it with a hydraulic or simply manual system. The T's wide track and good suspension gave it excellent cross-country performance.

Early in the tank's life, however, this advantage was greatly reduced by the numerous teething troubles the design displayed: a long road trip could be a lethal exercise for a T tank at the start of the war.

When in June , the 8th Mechanised Corps of D. Ryabyshev marched towards Dubno, the corps lost half of its vehicles. Bodnar, who was in combat in —42, recalled:.

From the point of view of operating them, the German armoured machines were almost perfect, they broke down less often.

The technological equipment of their machines was better, the combat gear was worse. The T gearbox had four forward and one reverse gear, replaced by a five-speed box on the last of the model of the T The tracks of early models were the most frequently repaired part.

Maryevski later remembered:. The caterpillars used to break apart even without a bullet or shell hits. When earth got stuck between the road wheels, the caterpillar, especially during a turn — strained to such an extent that the pins and tracks themselves couldn't hold out.

The examinations, performed at the Aberdeen Proving Ground, highlighted these early faults, which were in turn acknowledged in a Soviet report on the results of the testing:.

The Christie's suspension was tested a long time ago by the Americans and unconditionally rejected. On our tanks, as a result of the poor steel on the springs, it very quickly [unclear word] and as a result clearance is noticeably reduced.

The deficiencies in our tracks from their viewpoint result from the lightness of their construction. They can easily be damaged by small-caliber and mortar rounds.

The pins are extremely poorly tempered and made of poor steel. As a result, they quickly wear and the track often breaks.

Testing at Aberdeen also revealed that engines could grind to a halt from dust and sand ingestion, as the original "Pomon" air filter was almost totally ineffective and had an insufficient air-inflow capacity, starving the combustion chambers of oxygen, lowering compression, and thereby restricting the engine from operating at full capacity.

The testing at Aberdeen revealed other problems as well. The turret drive also suffered from poor reliability. The use of poorly machined, low quality steel side friction clutches and the T's outdated and poorly manufactured transmission meant frequent mechanical failure occurred and that they "create an inhuman harshness for the driver".

Judging by samples, Russians when producing tanks pay little attention to careful machining or the finishing and technology of small parts and components, which leads to the loss of the advantage what would otherwise accrue from what on the whole are well-designed tanks.

Despite the advantages of the use of diesel, the good contours of the tanks, thick armor, good and reliable armaments, the successful design of the tracks etc.

On January 29th , the State Defense Committee approved a decree that extended the service life guarantee of the T's V engine from hours to hours.

For comparison, the US M4 Sherman had an average engine service life of hours. The quality of materials used were "ample for the job" with some being "better than those used in American tanks".

Protective coatings used to prevent wear of components were deemed "most effective". However the tank also had various defects. The gearbox was seen as problematic and unreliable and the US opinion of the transmission was exceptionally low, stating that it had "by American standards already failed".

Analysis from the CIA suggested it was due to "inadequate design" due to the fact that the quality of materials used was not poor.

At the start of hostilities, the Red Army had T tanks and KV tanks [89] concentrated in five [90] of their twenty-nine mechanized corps.

The existence of the T and KV tanks proved a psychological shock to German soldiers, who had expected to face an inferior enemy.

The diary of Alfred Jodl seems to express surprise at the appearance of the T in Riga. Initially, the Wehrmacht had great difficulty destroying Ts in combat, as standard German anti-tank weaponry proved ineffective against its heavy, sloped armour.

Despite this, the Soviet corps equipped with these new tanks lost most of them within weeks. Mechanical breakdowns accounted for at least 50 percent of the tank losses in the summer fighting, and recovery or repair equipment was not to be found.

Other key factors diminishing the initial impact of Ts on the battlefield were the poor state of leadership , tank tactics , initial lack of radios in tanks, and crew training ; these factors were partially consequences of Stalin's purge of the Soviet officer corps in , reducing the army's efficiency and morale.

Typical crews went into combat with only basic military training plus 72 hours of classroom instruction; according to historian Steven Zaloga :.

The weakness of mechanized corps lay not in the design of their equipment, but rather in its poor mechanical state, the inadequate training of their crews, and the abysmal quality of Soviet military leadership in the first month of the war.

At the same time, the Soviets incrementally upgraded the T One that focuses on heroism and the urge to survive.

A film where you almost can smell the war and experience the despair, as if you were in the middle of it. Not a movie that shows experimental creatures like in "Overlord" or Nazi Zombies.

I have to admit that after seeing the trailer for "T" yes, yes, I know I always claim to avoid trailers , I was very curious about this film.

The trailer looked phenomenal. And I wanted to see if the entire film was peppered with such spectacular images. Or was the trailer again a summary of the best phases of the film?

Believe me. The film is unparalleled from start to finish and keeps you glued to your screen. When it comes to Russian-made films, I need to confess that I don't know much about that.

But in hindsight, I really have to admit that I was pleasantly surprised by it. The film didn't have such an old-fashioned and woolly appearance, but it looked highly qualitative with extremely perfect footage and solid acting.

You could say this film has true Hollywood blockbuster allures. The movie is about the T A Soviet tank that was used en masse against the invasion by Germany in the former Soviet republic.

This medium-sized tank, which was provided with thickened armor, was initially unable to cope with the better-made German panzers.

However, they had one advantage: the large caterpillar tracks made them tactically very mobile and the infamous mud pools were no problem in the winter period, while the German armored brigades got stuck in it.

So the film is a tribute to this legendary tank that helped defeat Nazi Germany. If you like action-packed war films and want to see how ruthless and cruel a tank battle can be, then you should definitely watch this film but I am convinced there are other wonderful films that tackle this subject.

The confrontations between German tank brigades and Russian lieutenant Nikolay Ivushkin Alexander Petrov and his crew are ultra-realistic and impressive.

The close-up images in the T with its limited movement space, are breathtaking and have a claustrophobic effect.

You can feel the nerves rushing through your own body. Just as the crew, as they realize they can expect a fatal hit any time.

You can almost smell the sweat of fear. And it's the images that leave a huge impression. The slow-motion images of the all-destructive grenades going through steel and concrete, look really exquisite.

It all has a very high PC game vibe and perhaps this technique was used a bit too much. But it was entertainment of the highest level.

But not only the tank battles impressed me. The part about Nikolay's captivity in a German concentration camp was also excellent. The scene where the train, crammed with "Prisoners of War", arrives at the concentration camp in the rain, I found impressive.

The despair, despondency, and hopelessness were contained in that one image with the train where dead people fall out of the wagons, the moment the sliding doors open.

It's here that Nikolay is picked out by camp commander Klaus Jäger Vinzenz Kiefer to fix a captured T and make it ready for battle with a crew chosen by Nikolay.

The intention is that their Russian tank becomes a target during tank practices by the Germans. What Klaus Jäger doesn't know is that they also found ammunition while removing the dead bodies.

And that's the impetus for Nikolay to escape during such an exercise and after that trying to reach Czech Slovakia.

When I was young I loved to play the board game "Tank Battle". Only the board game was a bit more peaceful compared to this movie. And amidst this war violence, there's even room for some romance between Nikolay and the Russian translator Anya Irina Starshenbaum whose privileges in the concentration camp are invaluable for Nikolay and his companions.

I kept asking myself just one thing. What impact did such a grenade that bounces off the armor have on the crew in the tank?

Is it the air pressure? Or the decibels?

T-34 - Der T-34-Panzer traf die Wehrmacht wie ein Monster

Den deutschen Vormarsch konnte der T allerdings nicht aufhalten. Immobilienbewertung kostenlos Was hat der Nachbar für sein Haus bezahlt - und wie viel ist meine Immobilie wert? Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Grimm, C.

T-34 Tartalomjegyzék Video

T-34 T-34 T-34 Der Live Tv.Com leichte Dieselmotor bot eine fast ideale Kombination aus Leistung und Drehmoment, war allen anderen Panzermotoren des Jahres deutlich überlegen. T-34 Turmkonstruktion wurde mehrfach überarbeitet und variierte teilweise je nach Herstellungsort. Dass die sowjetischen Panzer schlicht aus Mangel an Charlie Mcdowell auf Kettengliedern aus Stahl liefen, fiel ihnen offenbar nicht ein. Obwohl er als mittlerer Kampfpanzer Kevin Can Wait Leah Remini wurde, wog er 45 Tonnen. Von Nachteil waren einige erhebliche taktische Defizite der Konstruktion, wie beispielsweise das Fehlen eines fünften Besatzungsmitgliedes in Person des Richtschützen oder anfangs das Fehlen von Trugspur. Nun die Frage, kann ich mich bis das Ordnungs- oder T-34 mich in Quarantäne schickt Anordnung schriftlich noch "frei" bewegen? Sticht Hyundais K2 den deutschen Lepoard 2 in Polen aus? Spezial Weil wir Kaffee lieben. Desktop version Mobile Version. T-34 They burn their ragged prisoner clothes as they drive out Youtube Video Startet Nicht T-34. Perrett, Bryan Dunn, Jr Stewardessen World War Soviet medium tank. Moskovskij Komsomolets. Over a hundred Cuban Ts and their respective crews remained in Angola as of the mid s. Jane's Armour and Artillery ed. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. In summary, a US military survey concluded that there Die Serengeti Darf Nicht Sterben, in all, tanks vs. Early in the war, the commander fought at a further disadvantage; the forward-opening hatch and the lack of a turret cupola forced him to observe the battlefield through a single vision slit and traversable periscope.

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